Diabetes : Some Important Tests for an early diagnosis

Diabetes is often also called the silent killer – why? Simply because, if undetected / untreated, it causes a lot many problems to some of our important body parts. So how do we recognise that we might be having diabetes or are at the verge of getting it?

If you habe any of these symptoms :

  • increased thirst,
  • frequent urination,
  • unexplained weight reduction,
  • increased appetite, and
  • feel a tingling sensation in your hands or feet,

chances are that you are a either a diabetic or are on the threshold.

This is the reason why regular checking of the glucose level in the body is so important. Any of the symptoms mentioned above can erupt suddenly.

It is suggested that individuals aged 35 and above should get a blood sugar screening done regularly, at least once a year if the initial test is normal.

Some tests which are important are as such:

HbA1C:

This blood test shows your normal average glucose level for as long as three months. It quantifies the rate of glucose connected to haemoglobin and the protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test:

In this test your blood sample is collected after an overnight fasting period of 8-10 hours.. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.

A Complete Blood Count (CBC):

This is a blood test used to evaluate an individual’s overall health and discover a wide range of disorders, ranging from anemia, to leukemia.

The CBC test measures several components and features of one’s blood.Any abnormal increases or decreases in these cell counts as revealed in a CBC test may indicate that one might have an underlying medical condition that requires to be diagnosed further.

Post Prandial Glucose Test (PPBS):

This is a pre and post meal blood test which highlights the measure of glucose in the blood. In this test Glucose is measured in the blood particularly after a meal.

Ordinarily, blood glucose levels elevate marginally after eating a meal.

A 2-hour PPBS test measures blood glucose precisely 2 hours in the wake of eating a meal. By this point glucose has generally retreated down in healthy individuals, yet it might in any case be raised in individuals with diabetes. Subsequently, it serves as a trial for whether an individual may have diabetes, or of whether an individual who has diabetes is effectively controlling their blood glucose levels.

Cholesterol test:

The risk of heart disease rises in case of individuals suffering from diabetes, which makes it inevitable for them to have a blood test to screen their cholesterol levels more frequently

 Triglycerides:

A fat which is typically found in . Also known as the bad fat , increase in its levels increases the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.

A person’s triglyceride levels are measured with a blood test along with testing cholesterol levels in the blood. Normal triglycerides are below 150. Levels above 200 are high.

If an individual is :

  • Overweight
  • Does not Exercise
  • Smokes regularly
  • Is Alcoholic
  • Has Genetic disorders

In all such cases the triglycerides will be high.

Triglyceride levels may be lowered with a combination lifestyle changes like:

  • Losing Weight
  • Healthy Diet
  • Regular Exercise

Creatinine Blood Test:

A creatinine blood test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatine is found in your muscle. Creatinine levels in the blood can provide your specialist with data about how well your kidneys are functioning.

Electrolytes:

This is a blood test that measures the main electrolytes in the body which includes sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate (CO2)—this can be used to evaluate symptoms of heart disease and monitor the effectiveness of treatments for high blood pressure, heart failure and liver and kidney disease.

Insulin Auto Antibodies (IAA):

This tests detects the antibodies targeting insulin, Along with attacking beta cells, the immune system in people with type 1 diabetes also targets insulin..

C-Peptide:

This test measures how much C-peptide is in the blood of an individual. Since levels of this peptide generally match insulin levels in the body, the test is mostly used to indicate how much insulin an individual’s body is producing. Normally Low levels of C-peptide and insulin usually point to type 1 diabetes.

Micro Albumin Test:

This test looks for minuscule amounts of albumin in your urine. The test can find out whether diabetes has damaged your kidneys.

Albumin is a protein needed for tissue growth and healing. It can leak into your urine when your kidneys aren’t working as they should.

Because such small amounts of albumin may not show up during routine urine testing, healthcare providers use this test to look for changes in albumin levels that mean complications from diabetes or other conditions. If kidney disease is found early, it may be treated successfully.

Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure Early detection of kidney damage is important to prevent long-term complications.

People with diabetes who are between 12 and 70 years old should have a urine test for microalbumin at least once a year. Anyone with type 1 diabetes should begin testing after 5 years of having the disease. Those with type 2 diabetes should be tested when they are diagnosed and then each year after that.

If you have high blood pressure, talk with your doctor about how often you should be tested

 

mahi profile

All such tests are available under one roof in Mahi Diagnostics, situated on Kanpur Road, Opp. Picadily Hotel. One can call on 4074409 / 896084444 for further details.

https://www.facebook.com/mahidiagnostics/?ref=bookmarks

 

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